外国教育研究

2020, v.47;No.355(01) 16-30

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基于政策工具视角的日本教师研修政策分析
An Analysis of Japanese Teacher Training Policy from the Perspective of Policy Tools

李昱辉;
LI Yuhui;School of Education,Shanghai Normal University;

摘要(Abstract):

如何选择政策工具体现着政府的价值取向,决定着教师研修的走向和效果。20世纪80年代中期以来,日本经济社会和教育问题持续引发研修政策更新,依据政策内容可划分为偏重资格、个性、开放和支持的四个时期。不同时期的工具选择存在差异,而同一工具在不同时期又有所变化,且不同工具间的协作与融合渐趋紧密。由此,政府的政策"工具箱"不断扩展与兼容,工具应用的针对性和整合性大大加强。
How to choose policy tools reflects the value orientation of the government and determines the direction and effect of teacher training. Since the mid-1980 s,Japan's economic,social and educational issues have continued to bring about the renewal of training policies. According to the policy content,it can be divided into four leaning periods:qualification,personality,openness and support. There are differences in tool selection in different periods,and the same tool has changed in different periods,and the cooperation and integration between different tools has become increasingly closer. As a result,the government's policy "toolbox" is continuously expanded and becomes more compatible,and the pertinence and integration of tool applications are greatly enhanced.

关键词(KeyWords): 日本;教师研修;政策工具;管理主义;自律主义
Japan;teacher training;policy tools;managementism;self-discipline

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基金项目(Foundation): 教育部留学回国人员科研启动基金资助项目“日本校长专业标准研究”(项目编号:教外司留[2015]1098号)

作者(Author): 李昱辉;
LI Yuhui;School of Education,Shanghai Normal University;

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