外国教育研究

2019, v.46;No.348(06) 89-104

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中国留学研究生在澳大利亚遭遇了什么:学术与文化适应的叙事研究
What do Chinese Overseas Graduate Students Encounter in Australia?——A Narrative Inquiry into Their Academic Adjustment and Acculturation

蔡连玉;Anthony Welch;
CAI Lianyu;Anthony Welch;Institute of Education Science,Zhejiang Normal University;Faculty of Education and Social Work,University of Sydney;

摘要(Abstract):

在澳大利亚的中国留学研究生群体日益庞大,这一群体在国内经历了迥异于澳大利亚的本科教育,因此,研究其在澳大利亚的学术与文化适应状况将具有一定的实践价值。采用叙事研究的路径,能够对他们的适应经历进行"深描"式探究。具体地,经由便利和滚雪球抽样,来自澳大利亚四所大学的12名中国留学研究生被选为受访者,接受了半结构式深度访谈,并参与了最后研究语料文本的确定。寻找关键事件、编码,最终建构扎根理论等工作得到了如下发现:其一,中国留学研究生在学术适应上遭遇到了挑战,这与中澳两国大学教育运行体制的差异、中国学生传统学习模式和语言能力有限有关。其二,中国留学研究生在澳大利亚习惯于"圈子"式生存,影响了其学术与文化适应。这一现象的形成与中澳文化差异大以及中华文化的保守性等有关。中华文化更强调个体的勤奋努力,任劳任怨;澳大利亚文化强调个体"三观"的自由以及生活与工作的平衡,生活相对闲散。其三,中国留学研究生在身份认同上强调他们文化的"根"在中国,归属感、文化差异以及澳大利亚相对原生态的生活环境等都会影响他们毕业后去留的决定。
There are more and more Chinese overseas graduate students studying in Australia,having experienced very different undergraduate education at home. This research explores their academic adjustment and acculturation in Australia,utilizing narrative inquiry to "deep-descriple" their experiences,it is of practical signifcance. Twelve participants were selected from four universities in Australia by convenience and snow-ball sampling. The researchers did in-depth semi-structured interviews with these participants,constructing the final research texts with them. Through uncovering key events,coding them and building grounded theory,the researchers found that:Chinese overseas graduate students encounter many challenges in academic adjustment,related to differences between the university education system of China and Australia,the traditional learning mode of Chinese students and their limited linguistic competence;Chinese overseas graduate students are accustomed to living with people from China,thus forming "circles" in Australia,and this exerts a negative influence on their academic adjustment and acculturation. This phenomenon is related to cultural differences between China and Australia,as well as a conservatism found in Chinese culture. Chinese culture emphasizes individual hard work,in which the individual bears all the toil and all the blame. On the contrary,Australian culture emphasizes the freedom of individual san guan(world view,life view,and value view)and a work life balance,so that Australian lives are lived in relative leisure;Chinese overseas graduate students view China as their place of cultural roots. The sense of belonging,cultural differences,and living environment in Australia,exerts an influence on students' decision to leave or stay after graduation.

关键词(KeyWords): 中国留学研究生;澳大利亚;学术适应;文化适应;叙事研究
Chinese overseas graduate students;Australia;academic adjustment;acculturation;narrative inquiry

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 浙江省教育科学规划重点项目“浙江省高等教育国际化现状及其发展对策研究”(项目编号:2017SB119)

作者(Author): 蔡连玉;Anthony Welch;
CAI Lianyu;Anthony Welch;Institute of Education Science,Zhejiang Normal University;Faculty of Education and Social Work,University of Sydney;

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