外国教育研究

2019, v.46;No.349(07) 79-96

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英国A-level考试制度:实践模式、发展困境及改革路向
The British A-level Examination System:Practice Pattern,Puzzledom and Reformation Direction

李玲玲;王舒琦;
LI Lingling;WANG Shuqi;Research Institute for Higher Education,Tongji University;

摘要(Abstract):

A-Level证书考试的实施是英国证书型大学入学考试制度确立的标志,既是英国教育的"黄金标准",亦是诸多英语授课大学招收新生的入学准则。英国自1951年实施A-level考试制度以来历经多次变革形成了较为完备的考试体系。然而,随着实践的深入,英国A-level入学考试逐步陷入应试的泥潭,严重影响其社会认可度和选拔功能的发挥,没能为中学生向大学过渡做好充足准备。因此,英国政府借改革契机调整考纲要求、转变评价机制、变更考试结构,为A-level入学考试制度发展寻找改良路径。英国A-level考试制度在转变培养模式、增强甄选效能、助力高大衔接方面所做的努力对我国高考制度改革的反观与思考不无裨益。
The implementation of A-level certificate examination is an important symbol of the establishment of universities' certificate enrollment examination system in Britain,it is not only the "gold standard" of British education,but the enrolling rule in many English-teaching universities. Since the implementation of A-level examination system in1951,Britain has undergone many changes and formed a relatively complete examination system. However,with the deepening of the practice,A-level entrance examination gradually changes into exam-oriented education pattern,influence both the social recognition and selection,students can't get well preparation to enter universities. Therefore,the British government took the opportunity of reformation to adjust the syllabus,improve evaluation mechanism and change the structures of examinations,so as to find an improved path for the development of A-level entrance examination system in Britain. The efforts made by the A-level examination system in changing the cultivating mode,enhancing the selection efficiency and tightening the link between high schools and universities,are benefit to the reflection of the reform of China's college entrance examination system.

关键词(KeyWords): 英国;A-level考试制度;实践模式;困境;改革路向
Britain;A-level examination system;practice pattern;puzzledom;reformation direction

Abstract:

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基金项目(Foundation): 教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目“高中与大学衔接培养创新人才机制研究”(项目批准号:16YJC880032);; 中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助;; 上海市教育科学研究项目一般项目“中学与中学后教育衔接育人策略研究”(立项编号:C17018)

作者(Author): 李玲玲;王舒琦;
LI Lingling;WANG Shuqi;Research Institute for Higher Education,Tongji University;

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