外国教育研究

2002, (07) 53-57

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美国肯定性行动计划与少数民族高等教育的发展
Affirmative Action Programs and the Development of Minorities Higher Education in America

刘宝存
LIU Bao cun (Institute of International and Comparative Education,Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875,China)

摘要(Abstract):

自 2 0世纪 6 0年代中期以来 ,肯定性行动计划通过特别招生计划、财政资助、补习教育、少数民族研究课程等措施 ,有力地促进了美国少数民族高等教育的发展。但近年来 ,肯定性行动计划在美国引发了激烈的争论 ,一些州甚至取消了肯定性行动计划 ,这很可能导致美国少数民族高等教育的严重倒退
Since the mid 1960s,American minorities higher education has developed rapidly owing mainly to affirmative action programs measures such as special admission programs,financial aids,compensatory education,minorities study programs and so on.But during the past few years,affirmative action programs have evoked much controversy,and some states have canceled affirmative action programs.All these may cause severe retreat of American minorities higher education.

关键词(KeyWords): 美国;肯定性行动;美国少数民族;高等教育
America; affirmative action; American minorities; higher education

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作者(Author): 刘宝存
LIU Bao cun (Institute of International and Comparative Education,Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875,China)

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