外国教育研究

2019, v.46;No.353(11) 44-59

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加拿大不列颠哥伦比亚省基础教育课程改革
Learning Experiences of Tutorial System in Oxford University from the Perspective of Undergraduate Students

陈晓菲;
CHEN Xiaofei;Institute of International and Comparative Education,Beijing Normal University;

摘要(Abstract):

加拿大不列颠哥伦比亚省发起的基础教育课程改革,突出"核心"与"灵活"的特征,以期望培养"受良好教育公民"。首次提出的KDU课程模式贯穿于K-12年级所有课程领域的教与学,K(Know)是以内容主题为核心的学习标准;D(Do)是以课程能力为核心的学习标准;U(Understand)是"理念",强调学生知识的抽象归纳。改革后的课程内容涉及九大领域,分别是应用科技课程、艺术教育、职业教育、核心法语、英语语言艺术、数学、身体健康教育、科学、社会学习。本次课程改革特征在于,课程目标旨在提高学生的三大核心竞争力;课程内容包含为未来生活做准备的各个基本领域;课程模式促进学生始于知、重在行、落于思的内化路径;学生处于教学的中心地位,教师拥有灵活的创新空间。
The new basic education curriculum redesign initiated by the Canadian BC province highlights the core and flexible characteristics in the expectation of cultivating well-education citizens. The KDU curriculum model proposed for the first time runs through the teaching and learning process of all curriculum fields in grade K-12. K(Know)is a learning standard with the core of content theme. D(Do)is a learning standard with the core of curriculum capacity. U(Understand)is an idea that emphasizes the abstract induction of students' knowledge. The redesigned curriculum covers nine major fields,namely applied science course,art education,career education,core French,English language art,mathematics,physical health education,science,and social learning. The characteristics of this curriculum redesign are as following,the course objective is to improve the three core competitiveness of students,the course covers the basic areas of preparation for the future of life,the course model promotes the internalization path of students from knowing,doing and thinking. Students are at the center of teaching and teachers have flexible space for innovation.

关键词(KeyWords): 加拿大;课程改革;受良好教育公民;KDU课程模式;核心竞争力
Canada;redesigned curriculum;Well-educated Citizens;KDU curriculum;core competence

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作者(Author): 陈晓菲;
CHEN Xiaofei;Institute of International and Comparative Education,Beijing Normal University;

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