外国教育研究

2006, (02) 33-37

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教育券的重要价值取向:教育公平
The Important Value Inclination of School Voucher Program:Equity of Education

沈有禄;谯欣怡;
SHEN Youlu1,QIAO Xinyi2 (1. School of Education,Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875,China; (2. School of Educational Science,Henan Normal University,Xinxiang 453007,China)

摘要(Abstract):

对于教育券计划,从弗里德曼的“市场模型”(marketmodel)到皮科尔与怀斯曼的“与收入联系的市场模型”(income-linkedmarketmodel),再到詹克斯的“补偿性市场模型”(compensatorymarketmodel),无不蕴涵着教育公平的思想。偏好于市场模型即自由择校的前两种模型的教育券计划更加注重教育券的效率公平,即市场公平;而詹克斯的模型却更加关注教育券的社会公平价值。教育券计划的实施也越来越趋向于追求教育的社会公平这个价值取向,无论是美国还是我国及其他国家的实践都充分体现了这一变化趋势。
The spirit of educational equity can be seen in the market model of Friedman,the income-linked market model of Peacock and Wiseman,and recently in the compensatory market model of Jencks. But the former two models stress on the efficient or market equity of education,while Jencks' model focuses on the social equity of education. Through the retrospect of voucher plan and its practice in the different countries in the world,we may indicate that the social equity of education has become the main value trend of voucher plan.

关键词(KeyWords): 教育券;价值取向;教育公平
school voucher;value trend;equity of education

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作者(Author): 沈有禄;谯欣怡;
SHEN Youlu1,QIAO Xinyi2 (1. School of Education,Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875,China; (2. School of Educational Science,Henan Normal University,Xinxiang 453007,China)

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