外国教育研究

2019, v.46;No.345(03) 90-102

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战后日本女子高等教育发展的法律保障探析
The Legal Guarantee for Women in the Development of Higher Education in Post-war Japan

杨阳;谷峪;
YANG Yang;GU Yu;Institute of International and Comparative Education,Northeast Normal University;

摘要(Abstract):

女性的受教育程度是衡量一个国家综合国力的重要指标,高学历女性人才的培养更关乎着各国的未来发展。日本女子高等教育起步于战后,短时期内以其独特的发展方式在日本高等教育大众化与普及化过程中起到了重要作用,这与日本政府较为完善的法律保障制度密不可分。当前,面对日益严峻的高龄少子化现象,日本政府更加重视高学历女性人才的培养,制定了一系列有针对性的保障措施,以期为日本社会的发展提供必要的人才储备。
The education and of women are important judgements for a nations complex ability. The cultication of highly-educated female talent is related to the country's future. Japanese women's higher education started after the second world war. In a short period of time, the massification and popularization of higher education in Japan are promoted by its unique way. It is consanguineously connected with perfect legal guarantee system of Japanese government. At present, facing the increasing issue of population aging and low birth rate, Japanese goverment pay more attention to the cultication of highly-educated female talent. Therefore they drew up a detailed list of mesuers that provide talents for social development.

关键词(KeyWords): 日本;战后;女子高等教育;法律;政策
Japan;Post-war;women's higher education;legal;policy

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作者(Author): 杨阳;谷峪;
YANG Yang;GU Yu;Institute of International and Comparative Education,Northeast Normal University;

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