外国教育研究

2019, v.46;No.347(05) 104-117

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西班牙校园和睦共处政策:背景、内容、评价
The Policies of Campus Coexistence in Spain:Background,Content,Evaluation

孙进;杨瑷伊;
SUN Jin;YANG Aiyi;Institute of International and Comparative Education,Beijing Normal University;

摘要(Abstract):

进入21世纪以来,西班牙政府出台了一系列旨在促进校园和睦共处的政策及措施。这一方面是因为校园欺凌事件在西班牙引发社会的广泛关注,亟待治理,西班牙法律也提出了相关的要求;另一方面则是受联合国教科文组织和欧盟的影响。校园和睦共处政策的主要内容包括:警方专家在校内开展讲座会谈,警方加强对学校周边环境的安全监管,设立国家和地方的校园和睦共处观测站,开设校园欺凌热线电话,组织校园和睦共处大会,设立校园和睦共处奖项,加强相关教师培训和对家长的指导。现有的评估显示,这些政策措施大多取得了良好的效果,并得到了西班牙教育界成员的认可,但也有人对此提出了质疑和批评。
Since the beginning of the 21 st century,the Spanish government has introduced a series of policies and measures to promote campus coexistence. One the one hand,this is due to the fact that school bullying has caused widespread concerns in Spain and is an urgent problem which needed to be solved. And Spanish laws also contain relevant articles. One the other hand,the policy-making in Spain is affected by UNESCO and EU. The main contents of the campus coexistence policies include: police experts give lectures in schools;strengthen the safety supervision of campus surroundings;set up national and local observation stations of campus coexistence;set up school bullying hotline;organize campus coexistence conferences;set up campus coexistence awards;strengthen relevant teacher training and parenting guidance,etc.The existing evaluations show that most of these policies and measures have achieved good results and have been recognized by the members of Spanish education community.But at the same time,some people raised doubts and criticisms about it.

关键词(KeyWords): 西班牙;校园和睦共处;校园欺凌;校园暴力;校园冲突;和谐校园
Spain;Campus coexistence;school bullying;school violence;school conflict;harmonious campus

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基金项目(Foundation): 2017年度教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目“中国参与全球教育治理战略研究”(项目批准号:17JJD880004)

作者(Author): 孙进;杨瑷伊;
SUN Jin;YANG Aiyi;Institute of International and Comparative Education,Beijing Normal University;

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