外国教育研究

2020, v.47;No.364(10) 117-128

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芬兰现象教学的理念架构及实践路径
Phenomenon-based Learning from Finland:Conceptual Structure and Practice Path

于国文;曹一鸣;
YU Guowen;CAO Yiming;Research Center for Teaching of Basic Education,Beijing Academy of Educational Sciences;School of Mathematical Sciences,Beijing Normal University;

摘要(Abstract):

芬兰最新的课程标准中提出"现象教学"引起国际关注。现象教学不是对传统教学的颠覆,它植根于芬兰课程改革之中,是对学科逻辑、心理逻辑和现象逻辑的融合,最终目标是发展学习者面向21世纪的横贯能力,培养终身学习者和未来公民。其实施并无固定模式,鼓励作为个体和小组成员的学习者充分参与,进行深度思考、跨学科融合思考、表达自我、与他人合作,建构完整的世界观。现象教学体现了终身学习的理念,对合科教学方式的践行具有一定的启发作用。
The Phenomenon-based Learning(PhBL)in Finnish latest core curriculum has attracted international attention. PhBL is not a subversion of traditional teaching. It is rooted in the Finnish curriculum reform. It is a fusion of disciplinary logic,psychological logic and phenomenal logic. The ultimate goal is to develop the transversal competences of learners for the 21 st century and to cultivate lifelong learners and future citizens. There is no fixed model for its implementation,encouraging learners who are individuals and group members to fully participate,deep thinking,interdisciplinary integration thinking,expressing themselves,collaborating with others,and building a complete worldview. Phenomenonbased Learning reflects the concept of lifelong learning and has a certain enlightening effect on the practice of the interdisciplinary teaching.

关键词(KeyWords): 芬兰;现象教学;学科逻辑;现象逻辑;横贯能力
Finland;phenomenon-based learning;disciplinary logic;phenomenal logic;Transversal Competences

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基金项目(Foundation): 国家社会科学基金“十三五”规划2018年度教育学一般课题“中学生合作问题解决中认知互动与社会互动及其关系的实证研究”(项目编号:BHA180157)

作者(Author): 于国文;曹一鸣;
YU Guowen;CAO Yiming;Research Center for Teaching of Basic Education,Beijing Academy of Educational Sciences;School of Mathematical Sciences,Beijing Normal University;

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