外国教育研究

2020, v.47;No.360(06) 23-41

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雇主导向的英国高校大学生就业能力培养:理念与实践
Employer-Orientated Employability Training for College Students in Britain:Principle and Practice

马永霞;薛晗;邢清清;
MA Yongxia;XUE Han;XING Qingqing;School of Humanities and Social Sciences,Beijing Institute of Technology;International Affairs,Beijing Institute of Technology;

摘要(Abstract):

英国高校十分重视大学生就业能力培养。由于脱欧造成英国经济面临较多不确定性,英国大学生就业市场形势严峻,英国高校形成了以雇主为导向的大学生就业能力培养理念。英国政府出台一系列措施引导高校不断提升就业能力培养水平,将就业能力培养作为高等教育评估的重要组成部分。英国高校建立了合理的就业能力培养机构和全面的就业能力培养实践体系,培养符合雇主需要的大学生就业能力。英国高校大学生就业能力培养过程始于大学生入学,贯穿整个学习阶段,升华于大学生毕业。精准的就业能力培养目标、完善的机构设置、完整的就业能力培养过程、丰富的就业能力培养举措和先进的就业能力培养方式为英国高校大学生就业能力培养取得良好效果奠定了坚实的基础。
British colleges attach great importance to the cultivation of college students' employability. Due to Brexit,the British economy is facing more uncertainties,and the situation of the employment market for British college students is grim. British colleges have formed an employer-oriented principle of college students' employability training.The British government has issued a series of measures to guide colleges to continuously improve their employability cultivation levels. The cultivation of college students' employability is an important part of assessing the quality of higher education. British colleges have formed a reasonable employability training institution setting and a comprehensive employability training system to train college students' employability meet the needs of employers.The training process begins with students' enrolment,runs through the entire learning stage,and sublimates before graduation. Precise employability training goals,perfect institutional settings,complete employability training processes,rich employability training measures and advanced employability training methods have laid a solid foundation for the good results of employability training in British colleges.

关键词(KeyWords): 英国;大学生;就业能力;雇主导向;培养策略
Britain;college student;employability;employer orientation;training strategy

Abstract:

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基金项目(Foundation): 国家自然科学基金面上项目“‘新工科’建设背景下大学生创新创业能力培养生态系统研究”(项目编号:71874012)

作者(Author): 马永霞;薛晗;邢清清;
MA Yongxia;XUE Han;XING Qingqing;School of Humanities and Social Sciences,Beijing Institute of Technology;International Affairs,Beijing Institute of Technology;

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