外国教育研究

2020, v.47;No.366(12) 82-97

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澳大利亚积极教养项目运行模式及启示
The Operation Mode and Enlightenment of Triple P-Positive Parenting Program in Australia

蔡迎旗;张春艳;
CAI Yingqi;ZHANG Chunyan;School of Education,Central China Normal University;

摘要(Abstract):

亲职教育是专门针对孩子的父母实施的教育,目的是更新父母的教养观念,提升父母的教养能力,从而提高家庭教养质量。澳大利亚积极教养项目(Triple P-Positive Parenting Program)是国际上广泛应用的亲职教育项目之一,其以社会学习理论、亲子互动社会学习模型和公共卫生模型为理论基础和设计思路,依托高校科研机构研发与完善系列亲职教育课程,开发五层级干预体系,并通过专业公司进行商业化推广,形成研发、评估、推广、实施和再研发的运行模式。积极教养项目坚持个性化设计,以儿童为本位,内容科学,实施主体多样,运作方式灵活,能广泛动员社会资源,全方位提升孩子父母的养育能力。这也为我国开展亲职教育科学研究和项目开发、激发家长的教育潜能、筹集社会资源和构建儿童家庭教育支持网络提供了借鉴。
Parental education is a kind of education specially designed for parents,which aims to update their parenting concepts and improve their educational ability and the quality of family education. The Triple P-Positive Parenting Program in Australia is one of the widely used parental education programs in the world which is based on social learning theory,social learning model of parent-child interaction and public health model as the theoretical foundation and design ideas.The program relies on scientific research institutions in the university to develop and improve a series of parental education courses,a five-level intervention system and business promotion system. Therefore,the operation mode of R & D,evaluation,promotion,implementation and redevelopment is gradually formed. It adheres to personalized design and the principle of children-oriented. The contents of the program are scientific and the implementers are diverse. It has flexible operation mode and extensive social resources,so can comprehensively improve parents' educational ability. This could provide useful experience to carry out parental education research and development,stimulate parents' educational potential,and build a family education support network for children by utilizing social resources for China.

关键词(KeyWords): 澳大利亚;积极教养项目;运行模式;亲职教育
Australia;Triple P-Positive Parenting Programs;parental education;the operation mode

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基金项目(Foundation): 国家社会科学基金教育学重点课题“我国学前教育可持续发展的路径与对策研究”(课题批准号:AHA200010)

作者(Author): 蔡迎旗;张春艳;
CAI Yingqi;ZHANG Chunyan;School of Education,Central China Normal University;

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