外国教育研究

2006, (03) 3-8

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平等还是公正?——试论罗尔斯的教育哲学观
Equality or Justice?——On John Rawls' Educational Philosophy Perspective

李清富;
LI Qingfu(Philosophy Department,Nankai University,Tianjin 300071,China)

摘要(Abstract):

罗尔斯主张,社会中凡是具有相似动机和禀赋的人都应得到大致相等的教育机会和成就前景。社会应该通过差别原则对社会利益进行调节和再分配,解决社会不平等问题,为人们获得平等的教育机会创造条件。同时,教育可以通过培养人才、调适社会心理、代际储备和加强社会成员的自律意识等促进社会的平等和公正。在教育问题上,罗尔斯追求公正,兼顾平等,他主张的教育是一定平等基础上的公正的教育。
John Rawls insists that anyone with the same motive and gift should have the equal educational chance and promising future.In order to solve the problem of equality and offer everyone the equal educational chance,our society should adjust and redistribute its interests by the distinction principle.At the same time,education may play the key role of can promoting social equality and justice by cultivating talents,adjusting social mentality,reserving fund for offspring and strengthening self-discipline.John Rawls pursues educational justice and educational equality.He thinks that education should be the just education based on the equality.

关键词(KeyWords): 罗尔斯;教育哲学;差别原则;教育平等;教育公正
John Rawls;educational philosophy;distinction principle;educational equality;educational justice

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作者(Author): 李清富;
LI Qingfu(Philosophy Department,Nankai University,Tianjin 300071,China)

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