外国教育研究

2019, v.46;No.348(06) 17-29

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指导路径项目:美国社区学院的深度变革之举
Guided Pathway:Profound Reform of Community College in USA

李政;徐国庆;
LI Zheng;XU Guoqing;Institute of Vocational and Adult Education,East China Normal University;

摘要(Abstract):

美国社区学院长期以来维持着传统的"自助餐"运行模式,这种模式在项目与课程的选择、学生入学与学业支持、教学模式与手段、补偿教育四个方面有着显著的弊端,影响着美国产业发展、社会稳定以及高等教育质量。为解决中等技能劳动力短缺、社区学院毕业生高失业率以及大众对高质量高等教育需求的问题,美国社区学院协会于2015年发起了一项全国性的改革项目——指导路径项目。该项目提出了"四大目标"、"四大举措"和"六大要素"的改革框架,成为美国深度变革社区学院的新举措。
Community college in USA used to be "Cafeteria College" for a long time.This mode had deficiencies on program and course design,student enrollment and academic support,teaching and development education,which bring negative impact to industrial development,social stability and higher education quality. In order to solve the problems as shortage of medium skilled labor,high unemployment among community college graduates and demand for high quality education,American Association of Community College launched a nationwide reform program in 2015—the guided pathway. The project has built a framework for deep reform in community college with "four goals", "four measures" and "six key elements".

关键词(KeyWords): 美国;指导路径;社区学院;“自助餐”模式;项目
USA;Guided Pathway;community college;Cafeteria College;program

Abstract:

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基金项目(Foundation): 2015年度教育部哲学社会科学研究重大课题攻关项目“职业教育现代学徒制理论研究与实践探索”(项目编号:15JZD046);; 国家留学基金委员会资助(项目编号:201706140054)

作者(Author): 李政;徐国庆;
LI Zheng;XU Guoqing;Institute of Vocational and Adult Education,East China Normal University;

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