外国教育研究

2020, v.47;No.363(09) 99-115

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从A-Level到T-Level:英国普职并重的课程体系改革
From A-Level to T-Level:The Curriculum System Reformation with Equal Emphasis on General Education and Vocational Education in UK

张志浩;谷峪;
ZHANG Zhihao;GU Yu;Faculty of Education,Northeast Normal University;

摘要(Abstract):

普通教育在绅士教育传统下的英国一直占据着主流地位,英国为贯彻其绅士教育传统并巩固其普通教育的地位而进行了A-Level课程改革。但过于强调普通教育而产生的技能人才短缺问题使英国政府逐渐意识到提高职业教育地位的迫切性,这也为以职业教育为导向的T-Level课程的产生提供了动机。从A-Level课程的提出与改革再到T-Level课程的推出,实际上体现了英国普职并重的教育改革思想,这一思想是英国由来已久的社会现实需求与教育传统之间的矛盾产物。研究英国普职并重的课程改革与思想及其存在的问题,将为重新审视与提升我国职业教育地位提供新的思路。
General education has dominated the education field in UK,which has the tradition of gentleman education.The UK has carried out A-Level curriculum reformations to implement the gentleman education tradition and consolidate the status of general education.However,the over-emphasis on general education has led to skills shortage problem.Therefore,the government has gradually realized the urgency of improving the status of vocational education,which also provides motivation for the emergence of vocational education-oriented T-Level courses.From the proposals and reformations of A-Level curriculum to the launch of T-Level curriculum embodies the concept of the equal emphasis on general education and vocational education reformations.This ideology is the result of the contradiction between the social reality and the educational tradition in UK. Studying the curriculum reform thoughts and their problems of UK is a new way for reviewing Chinese vocational education and improving its status.

关键词(KeyWords): 英国;A-Level课程;T-Level课程;普职并重;课程改革
UK;A-Level curriculum;T-Llevel curriculum;equal emphasis on general and vocational education;curriculum reformation

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作者(Author): 张志浩;谷峪;
ZHANG Zhihao;GU Yu;Faculty of Education,Northeast Normal University;

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