外国教育研究

2019, v.46;No.353(11) 60-76

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建构充满信任的学校:“巴别塔”神话?——法国课程改革政策建构与实施中的影响因素评析
Building a School Full of Trust:A Myth of the "Babel Tower" ?——An Analysis of the Influencing Factors in the Construction and Implementation of French Curriculum Reform Policy

汪凌;
WANG Ling;Faculty of Education,East China Normal University;

摘要(Abstract):

学校改革必然是在具体的制度和文化环境中进行的,并可能在推进中出现"巴别塔效应"。法国正在进行的课改就是一个案例。"课程"概念在法国是相对新鲜的事物,它终于在21世纪真正走进了其教育改革的视野,并通过立法认可等形式获得合法地位,成为法国建构"充满信任的学校"和追求教育公平理想的支点。在国际大背景和本国发展需求的双重推力下,以《德洛报告》为基本框架勾勒出了以学生为中心,以课程和教学为具体切入路径的系统教育改革蓝图,这一改革计划可以说得到了整个法国社会的支持,但是在具体实施过程中却遭遇到诸多阻碍,而法国教育体制本身的建构逻辑和价值观在其中也扮演着自己的角色。
School reforms must be carried out in a specific institutional and cultural environment,and there may be a "Babel effect" in their process of advancement. The ongoing curriculum reform in France is a case. The concept of "curriculum" is relatively new in France. It finally entered the vision of education reform in the 21 st century,and obtain its legal status through laws. This concept become a point d'appui for France to build a "trusted school" and pursue educational equity ideal. Under the dual impetus from the international background and France's interior development needs,Thélot report outlines a reform blueprint bases on student-centered teaching and curriculum. This blueprint can be said to have been supported by the entire French society. But,in the process of implementation,it has encountered many obstacles,and the action logic and values which sustain the French education system itself play also a role in it.

关键词(KeyWords): 法国;课程政策;学生中心;信任;“巴别塔”;改革障碍
France;curriculum policy;student center;trust;Babel Tower;barriers to reform

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 法国罗纳-阿尔卑斯大省MIRA博士后项目“择校与精英教育”(项目编号:2013)

作者(Author): 汪凌;
WANG Ling;Faculty of Education,East China Normal University;

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