外国教育研究

2006, (02) 72-77

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美国综合性学校健康教育:密歇根课程模式研究
American Comprehensive School Health Education:A Study on Michigan Crriculum Model

张莹;王建平;
ZHANG Ying,WANG Jianping (Center of International and Comparative Education,Capital Normal University,Beijing 100037,China)

摘要(Abstract):

学校健康教育是为儿童和青少年的身心健康建立一个发展的基础。课程是根据学生不同的年龄水平设计的,而健康知识的获得、技能的掌握以及态度的形成则需要对课程进行整体构建。为使学生在面对健康问题时能够做出正确的选择,必须通过一个综合性的健康教育课程来实现健康教育的目的。美国综合性学校健康教育中的密歇根课程模式为此提供了一个基本的范式。
Health education is the basis for the physical and mental health of children and teenagers. Curriculum is designed for the different age levels of students. But an overall curriculum must be built for the students to get the knowledge on health education,to master the health-related skills and to form the positive attitude. In order to let the students make safe and correct choices when they are facing problems on health,we must achieve the aim of health education through a comprehensive health education curriculum. The Michigan Model in Comprehensive School Health Education in America is a basic model. Michigan Model mainly includes 3 parts:basic ideas,health education standards and basic contents. As a developing model in this field,the authors hope to offer a usable one for the revolution of school health education in our country.

关键词(KeyWords): 美国;综合性学校;健康教育课程;密歇根课程模式
America;comprehensive school;health education curriculum;Michigan Curriculum Model

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作者(Author): 张莹;王建平;
ZHANG Ying,WANG Jianping (Center of International and Comparative Education,Capital Normal University,Beijing 100037,China)

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