外国教育研究

2020, v.47;No.355(01) 116-128

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美国新兴教师领导力计划的理念、实操和保障
The Study on the Concept,Implementation,and Sustainment for an Emerging Teacher Leadership Initiative in the U.S.A

王绯烨;洪成文;
WANG Feiye;HONG Chengwen;Faculty of Education,East China Normal University;Faculty of Education,Beijing Normal University;

摘要(Abstract):

如何有效提升卓越教师的影响力,充分发挥其示范引领作用,一直是困扰我国乃至世界教育界的难点问题。美国的"新兴领导者项目"作为教师领导力发展计划中的一个典型代表,自2001年启动以来成绩斐然,所培养的领导型教师在提高教师集体绩效方面效果显著。该项目实行选拔式招募筛选、实践式学习模式和工作嵌入式考核评估方式,在理念设置、实操流程以及保障机制方面的特色可以为我国的领导型教师——骨干教师——的培训和发展提供一定的启示和借鉴。
Researchers from different countries all over the world have been plagued by a key issue of education,i.e.,effectively improving great teachers' impact and fully exert their demonstrating and leading impacts on teaching community,for quite a long time.Since its launch in 2001,the Emerging Leaders Program in the United States,a representative teacher leadership development initiative,has made outstanding achievements in cultivating teacher leaders who successfully promote students' performance by leading the whole teacher community. The program adopted rigorous selective admission,practicebased learning model,and job-embedded assessment. The experience in its design concept,practical implementation and safeguard mechanism may provide us with reference and enlightenment in training and developing backbone teachers as the teacher leaders in China.

关键词(KeyWords): 美国;教师领导力;新兴领导者项目;骨干教师;教师培养
United States;teacher leadership;emerging leaders program;backbone teacher;teacher development

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基金项目(Foundation): 全国教育科学“十二五”规划课题“基于教师领导力模型的实证研究:义务教育阶段骨干教师的影响力”(课题号:EHA150394)

作者(Author): 王绯烨;洪成文;
WANG Feiye;HONG Chengwen;Faculty of Education,East China Normal University;Faculty of Education,Beijing Normal University;

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