外国教育研究

2021, v.48;No.374(08) 37-55

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布因克曼的练习理论及其与儒家练习传统的比较
On the Theory of Practice by Brinkmann and its Comparison with Confucian Tradition of Practice

彭正梅;顾娟;王清涛;
PENG Zhengmei;GU Juan;WANG Qingtao;Institute of International and Comparative Education,East China Normal University;Foreign Languages Institute,Taizhou University;

摘要(Abstract):

近代以来,由于其消极性、苦行性、变化性和重复性等特点,练习在教育和学习中的地位受到质疑、贬低和污名化,被轻视为学习的巩固手段。德国当代教育学家布因克曼从多重角度对练习进行了系统正名,分析了练习的肉身性、时间性和权力性,并在此基础上提出了系统的教学论思考。这一思考与儒家"学习即练习"的传统具有重要的呼应性,同时,也意味着我们需要对"学习即练习"的传统进行新的诠释,建立中国教育自信。
Since modern times,the status of practice in education and learning,due to its passivity,asceticism,variability and repeatability,has been questioned,belittled and stigmatized,and practice has been despised as a means to consolidate learning. Basing on various perspectives,Prof. Brinkmann,a contemporary German educationist,systematically justifies the practice,analyzes the corporeal,temporal and power dimension of practice,and on this basis,puts forward a systematic thinking on didatics of practice. In his view,practice is not a secondary form of learning,on the contrary,it is a creative basic form of learning. This kind of thinking echoes the Chinese Confucian educational tradition of "learning as practice" which is also systematically explored and opens a new comparative research field.

关键词(KeyWords): 练习;布因克曼;肉身性;消极经验;学习形式;儒家
practice;Brinkmann;corporeity;negative experiences;learning form;Confucianism

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基金项目(Foundation): 上海市浦江人才计划资助项目“上海市浦江人才计划:PISA之后上海基础教育如何走向世界中心”(项目编号:2019PJC030)

作者(Author): 彭正梅;顾娟;王清涛;
PENG Zhengmei;GU Juan;WANG Qingtao;Institute of International and Comparative Education,East China Normal University;Foreign Languages Institute,Taizhou University;

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