外国教育研究

2013, v.40;No.280(10) 87-94

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美国受虐儿童早期保育与教育
American Early Care and Education to Young Children Who Experience Maltreatment

姚咏;
YAO Yong;Department of College English Teaching,Anhui University;

摘要(Abstract):

儿童期的受虐经历对儿童的大脑发育、学习能力及社会交往能力都将产生不利影响。自20世纪60年代起,美国政府开始承担起发展早期保育与教育的相关职责,建立了各种保护受虐儿童的机构和组织;以金字塔模型为实践框架,改善儿童社交和情感能力;通过干预性课程改进教师策略。另外,美国还开展了多个保护受虐儿童的项目,阻止虐待儿童事件的发生,保证儿童的健康成长。
The consequences of children maltreatment have significant effects on their brain development,academic performance and social skills. Since the 1960s,the U.S.government has undertaken the responsibility to develop early care and education for children,including those who experience maltreatment. Various organizations to prevent child maltreatment have been established. The Pyramid Model serves as a framework to foster the social emotional development of young children and intervention curricula have been developed to provide teachers with effective classroom management. What's more,some child abuse prevention programs have been set up in order to ensure the healthy growth of children.

关键词(KeyWords): 美国;受虐儿童;早期保育与教育
America;children who experience maltreatment;early care and education

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作者(Author): 姚咏;
YAO Yong;Department of College English Teaching,Anhui University;

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