外国教育研究

2021, v.48;No.374(08) 97-112

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瑞士高等职业教育学位制度的现状、特征及发展趋向
Present Situation,Characteristics and Development Trend of Higher Vocational Education Degree system in Switzerland

孙凤敏;邵建东;王亚南;
SUN Fengmin;SHAO Jiandong;WANG Yanan;Center for Modern Vocational Education,Jinhua Polytechnic;

摘要(Abstract):

伴随高等职业教育的改革与发展,瑞士创新性地建立了具有类型特色的高等职业教育学位制度。从内涵来看,瑞士的高等职业教育学位是与高等学术教育学位同等重要的学位类型,是制度层面上对应用型学术水平的认可,也是技术变革引起生产模式革新的产物。从现状来看,瑞士采取"双路径并行"的发展路线,本着"同等水平"的原则,针对高等专业学校和联邦考试分别授予各级学位,具有鲜明的瑞士特色。从发展趋向来看,在经济全球化、数字化技术革命、劳动力市场技能需求升级的背景下,瑞士在高等职业教育学位的纵横衔接、授予监督、国际认证等方面呈现出新趋势,旨在为面向2030职业教育发展创造先发优势。瑞士的创新举措和成功经验对于我国构建具有类型特点的高等职业教育学位制度具有很强的现实借鉴意义。
With the reform and development of higher vocational education,Switzerland has innovatively established a higher vocational education degree system with vocational education characteristics. From the perspective of connotation,higher vocational education degree is the same important degree type as the higher academic education degree in Switzerland. It is the recognition of applied academic level at the system level,and the product of production mode innovation caused by technological change. From the current situation,Switzerland adopts a "dual path parallel" development route,in line with the principle of "equal level",and awards degrees at all levels for higher education of colleges and federal examinations,which has distinct Swiss characteristics. In terms of development trends,in the context of economic globalization,digital technology revolution,and the upgrading of labor market skills,Switzerland has shown new trends in vertical and horizontal connection,awarding supervision,and international certification of higher vocational education degree,aiming to create the first mover advantage for the development of vocational education facing 2030. Many innovative measures and successful experience of Switzerland have a strong practical reference significance for China to build a higher vocational education degree system in line with type characteristics.

关键词(KeyWords): 瑞士;高等职业教育;学位制度;类型特色;学位认证
Switzerland;higher vocational education;degree system;type characteristics;degree certification

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基金项目(Foundation): 国家社科基金教育学一般课题“基于人才链匹配产业链的高职院校专业群建构的内在机理及实施路径研究”(项目编号:BJA190103)

作者(Author): 孙凤敏;邵建东;王亚南;
SUN Fengmin;SHAO Jiandong;WANG Yanan;Center for Modern Vocational Education,Jinhua Polytechnic;

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