外国教育研究

2021, v.48;No.373(07) 112-128

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日本“职业型”综合学科高中的普职融通实施路径分析——以筑波大学附属坂户高中为例
Analysis on the Implementation Path of GeneralVocational Integration in Japanese "Vocational" Comprehensive-subject High School——Taking Senior High School at Sakado,University of Tsu-kuba as an Example

金红莲;
JIN Honglian;School of Education,Hainan Normal University;

摘要(Abstract):

综合高中办学形式是世界高中教育改革的重心,而办好综合高中的关键是构建普职综合化办学模式。日本"职业型"综合学科高中是从职业高中转型而来的综合学科高中,是日本综合学科高中转型初期的改革主体。日本筑波大学坂户附属高中是最早转型的"职业型"综合学科高中之一,从传统的职业教育转型为普职融通的综合教育,在办学理念、课程设置以及毕业出路等方面进行了多次探索,形成了具有自身特色的办学体系。总体上,"职业型"综合学科高中在转型初期坚守职业教育传统,但是随着综合学科改革的深入,升学教育倾向日渐加强,形成以职业教育学科框架为主、升学教育为目标的特点。
The form of running a comprehensive high school is the focus of the world's high school education reform,and the key to running a comprehensive high school well is to build a comprehensive mode of general education and vocational education. Japanese "Vocational" comprehensive-subject high school is a comprehensive-subject high school transformed from a vocational high school,which is the main body of the reform in the early transformation of Japanese comprehensive-subject high school. Senior High School at Sakado,University of Tsukuba in Japan is one of the earliest transformed "Vocational" comprehensive-subject high schools. It has changed from traditional vocational education to comprehensive education integrating general education and vocational education. It has made many explorations in school running concept,curriculum setting and graduation outlet,to form a school running system with its own characteristics. On the whole, "Vocational" comprehensive-subject high school adheres to the tradition of vocational education in the early stage of transformation,but with the deepening of comprehensive-subject reform,the tendency of further education is gradually strengthened,forming the characteristics of taking vocational education subject framework as the main and further education as the goal.

关键词(KeyWords): 日本;综合学科;高中;普职融通;职业高中
Japan;comprehensive subject;high school;the integration of general education and vocational education;vocational high school

Abstract:

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基金项目(Foundation): 教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目“日本综合学科高中发展路径研究”(项目编号:16YJC880024)

作者(Author): 金红莲;
JIN Honglian;School of Education,Hainan Normal University;

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