外国教育研究

2021, v.48;No.368(02) 3-17

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“教育再生”政策下的日本高等教育改革与发展
Reform and Development of Higher Education-under the Policy of "Education Rebuilding" in Japan

胡建华;
HU Jianhua;School of Education Science,Nanjing Normal University;

摘要(Abstract):

2012年岁末安倍晋三第二次出任日本首相之后,着力推动改革在社会各领域的开展,以"教育再生"作为教育领域改革的基本政策方向。"教育再生实行会议"在成立之后的6年多时间里共提出11份有关教育改革与发展的建议书,直接指向大学改革与发展的是第三份建议书"关于大学教育的应有发展态势"和第四份建议书"高中教育与大学教育衔接及大学入学者选拔的应有方式"。以建议书为依据,日本政府先后制定了多项大学教育再生政策,一方面以项目形式推动适应全球化趋势的人才培养与科学技术创新;另一方面通过立法,以法律的形式体现政府政策,推动大学改革的深入。同时,日本政府还将"大学教育再生"与高等教育的未来发展联系起来,中央教育审议会提出了到2040年日本高等教育走向的基本设想。
Since Shinzo Abe became Prime Minister of Japan for the second time atthe end of 2012,he has made great efforts to promote the reform in all fields of society,tak-ing "education rebuilding" as the basic policy direction of education reform.In more thansix years since its establishment,the "Conference on the implementation of education re-building" has put forward 11 proposals on educational reform and development. Amongthem,the third proposal "on the development trend of university education" and the fourthproposal "the connection between high school education and university education and theproper way of selecting university students" directly pointed to the reform and developmentof universities.Based on the proposals,the Japanese government has formulated a number ofpolicies for university education rebuilding. On the one hand,it promotes personnel trainingand scientific and technological innovation to adapt to the trend of globalization in the formof projects;on the other hand,it adopts legislation to embody government policies in theform of laws,thus promoting the deepening of university reform.At the same time,the Japa-nese government has also linked the "university education rebuilding" with the future devel-opment of higher education. The Central Education Council has put forward a basic idea ofthe trend of higher education in Japan by 2040.

关键词(KeyWords): 日本;教育再生;高等教育
Japan;education rebuilding;higher education

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作者(Author): 胡建华;
HU Jianhua;School of Education Science,Nanjing Normal University;

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