外国教育研究

2021, v.48;No.374(08) 113-128

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日本职业能力开发促进中心的职能探析——基于与中小企业关系的考察
Analysis on the Functions of Vocational Ability Development Promotion Center in Japan——Based on the Relationship With SMEs

王国辉;刘红红;
WANG Guohui;LIU Honghong;Education College,Wenzhou University;Students' Affairs Division,Beijing City University;

摘要(Abstract):

职业能力开发促进中心是日本公共职业训练机构的重要组成部分,在日本在职人员的职业能力开发和提高培训以及失业人员的技能训练等方面发挥着重要作用。它与中小企业的教育训练形成联动,承担着从专业基础教育训练到高级教育培训的功能。其功能的多样性使其成为日本中小企业人才培养链上不可或缺的存在,主要表现在中心所实施的能力开发内容的适切性与通识性及课程模式的先进性与规范化是其服务于中小企业的杀手锏;中心所开展的定制培训的针对性与有效性是中小企业提高人才培养质量与工作效率的定海神针;中心不仅是中小企业能力开发的参与者,同时也是"推动者"等方面。这对目前我国培养技术技能型人才、构建现代人力资源开发体系具有一定的借鉴意义。
Vocational ability development promotion center is an important part of public vocational training facilities in Japan. It plays an important role in the vocational ability development and improvement training of Japanese on-the-job personnel,as well as the skill training of the personnel leaving the companies. It forms a linkage with the education and training of small and medium-sized enterprises(SMEs),and undertakes the functions ranging from professional basic education and training to advanced education and training.The diversity of its functions makes it indispensable to the training chain of SMEs in Japan.It mainly shows that the relevance and comprehensiveness of the ability development content implemented in the center as well as the advanced nature and standardization of the curriculum mode are the trump card for serving SMEs. The pertinence and effectiveness of customized training carried out by the center is the mainstay for SMEs to improve the quality and efficiency of talent training. The center is not only a participant in the ability development of SMEs,but also a "promoter". It has certain reference for China to cultivate technical and skilled talents and build a modern human resource development system.

关键词(KeyWords): 日本;职业能力开发促进中心;职能;中小企业
Japan;vocational ability development promotion center;function;small and medium-sized enterprises(SMEs)

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基金项目(Foundation): 教育部人文社会科学规划基金2018年度一般项目“职业生涯发展视域下日本成人职业能力开发的实践路径研究”(项目编号:18YJA880080)

作者(Author): 王国辉;刘红红;
WANG Guohui;LIU Honghong;Education College,Wenzhou University;Students' Affairs Division,Beijing City University;

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