外国教育研究

2002, (10) 27-32

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日本基于新学力观和生存能力观的教材观
The Perspective of Textbook Based on the Perspectives on New Ability to Learn and the Ability to Exist in Japan

张德伟
ZHANG De wei (Institute of International and Comparative Education, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024,China)

摘要(Abstract):

新学力观和培养生存能力是 2 0世纪 80年代末以来日本在深化教育改革中相继提出的新的教育目的观。在其指导下 ,日本有关学者对适应问题解决式学习、体验性学习、主体性学习的教材观展开了种种探讨 ,其中比较有代表性的是加藤幸次的“培养自学能力的学材”、山鸟野道弘的“为了学生自学的教材”和儿岛邦宏的“推进主体性学习的教材”等观点。
The perspective on new ability to learn and the perspective on the ability to exist are the new perspectives of educational goal advocated in the process of educational reform in the late of 1980s in Japan. Some scholars explores various perspectives on textbook,of which the perspectives on the learning material of cultivating the ability to study on one's own, the textbook for students' studying on one's own and the textbook for subjective studying are the representative viewpoints.

关键词(KeyWords): 日本;新学力观;培养生存能力;主体性学习;教材;学材
Japan; perspective on new ability to learn; to cultivate the ability to exist; subjective studying; textbook; learning material

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation):

作者(Author): 张德伟
ZHANG De wei (Institute of International and Comparative Education, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024,China)

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