外国教育研究

2021, v.48;No.368(02) 117-128

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土耳其初等学校课程改革下的价值观教育:目标、内容与实施路径
Values Education under the Curriculum Reform in Primary Schools in Turkey:Aims,Content and Implementation Path

杨茂庆;赵红艳;
YANG Maoqing;ZHAO Hongyan;Faculty of Education,Guangxi Normal University;School of Aviation and Tourism,Guilin University of Aerospace Technology;

摘要(Abstract):

在全国初等教育课程改革的契机下,土耳其于2005年依托以社会科学课程为核心的新课程体系实施价值观教育。土耳其初等学校课程的价值观教育目标以认知为基、能力为主、情感为核。土耳其初等学校课程的价值观教育内容体现在社会价值观促进社会融入、科学价值观提升理性精神和道德价值观熏陶道德情感。从被动接受到主动建构的认知导向、从言语说教到行动影响的行为示范和从强制灌输到合作学习的活动驱动等是课程实施价值观教育的主要路径。价值观教育的主要特点表征为关注国际和国内的现实需求,注重学生个性化与社会化的共同发展,强调学校、家庭和社会的协同合作。
On the occasion of the national curriculum reform, Turkey implemented the values education based on the new curriculum framework in 2005,which kept the social studies curriculum as the central curriculum. The values education aims of primary school curriculum are to develop one's cognition, competence and emotion. The main contents of values education in Turkish primary school curriculum are reflected in that social values mote social integration, scientific values enhance rational spirit and moral values lify moral emotion. The main ways to implement value education in curriculum include the cognitive orientation from passive acceptance to active construction, the behavior demonstration from verbal instruction to action influence and the activity driving from mandatory indoctrination to cooperative learning. The main features of values education curriculum are embodied in focusing on international and domestic needs, paying attention to the common development of students' individuality and socialization, emphasizing cooperation of school, family and society.

关键词(KeyWords): 土耳其;初等学校;课程改革;价值观教育;实施路径
Turkey;primary school;curriculum reform;values education;implementation path

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基金项目(Foundation): 国家社会科学基金“十三五”规划2018年度教育学一般课题“少数民族儿童价值观形成的文化归因与培育研究”(课题批准号:BMA180036)

作者(Author): 杨茂庆;赵红艳;
YANG Maoqing;ZHAO Hongyan;Faculty of Education,Guangxi Normal University;School of Aviation and Tourism,Guilin University of Aerospace Technology;

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